What is the purpose of using super constructor with props argument?

A child class constructor cannot make use of this reference until super() method has been called. The same applies for ES6 sub-classes as well. The main reason of passing props parameter to super() call is to access this.props in your child constructors.

Passing props:

class MyComponent extends React.Component {
constructor(props) {
super(props);
console.log(this.props); // prints { name: 'John', age: 42 }
}
}

Not passing props:

class MyComponent extends React.Component {
constructor(props) {
super();
console.log(this.props); // prints undefined
// but props parameter is still available
console.log(props); // prints { name: 'John', age: 42 }
}
render() {
// no difference outside constructor
console.log(this.props); // prints { name: 'John', age: 42 }
}
}

The above code snippets reveals that this.props is different only within the constructor. It would be the same outside the constructor.


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